DSTs are very popular investment vehicles due to their tax advantages over other investment products that aim to provide current income and capital appreciation potential. These investments are available to Accredited Investors only.
In 2004, the IRS released Revenue Ruling 2004-86, which allows the use of a DST to acquire real estate where the beneficial interests in the trust will be treated as direct interests in replacement property for purposes of IRC Section 1031.
For 1031s, Fractional interest can be in the form of TIC or DST interests. For a broad comparison of both forms of ownership, click here for DST vs TIC comparison
For more information, please contact us.
Inflation has been called the silent killer of wealth. It’s rarely discussed and many retirement income strategies ignore it completely. But over time, the steady increase in the cost of living can have a profound negative effect on your standard of living in retirement.
How inflation destroys wealth
As this chart shows, even at a modest rate of inflation, your spending power could decline by nearly 40% over the next 20 years.No one knows what the future may hold for inflation, but we do know that the Federal Reserve aims to keep the rate between 1% and 3% per year, and it has reached double digits in the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s.
Potential Advantages of DST 1031 Properties:
- Defer 100% Of Capital Gains Taxes
- Ability to Diversify 1031 Exchange Equity *
- Management Free – No More Tenants, Toilets and Trash!
- Multiple Asset Classes – Multifamily Apartments, Triple Net Leased Properties (NNN), All-Cash/Debt-Free Properties, Medical Properties, Pharmacies, Fast Food, Dialysis Centers, Etc.
- Mitigate 1031 Exchange Closing Risk – Typically Close In As little As 1-3 Business Days.
* Please note that diversification does not guarantee profits nor guarantee against losses.
Potential Disadvantages of Real Estate NNN, DST, TIC Properties and 1031 Exchanges:
- No Guarantees For Distributions
- No Guarantees For Appreciation
- General Real Estate Risks
- Real Estate and DST Properties are Illiquid Investments
- Risk Of Lender Foreclosure
- Risk Of A Loss Of Principal
- Reliance On a Sponsor/Trustee To Make Management Decisions
- Refinancing Risk
- Economic Risk To The General Economy Of The United States
- Economic Risk To The Local Economy A Property Is Located
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The Internal Revenue Service recently released some of its annual cost-of-living adjustments that will affect the 2019 tax year, such as contribution limits to qualified retirement plans. The following are some of the important changes to keep in mind.
401(k) contributions: Elective deferrals for 401(k) participants will be $19,000, increased from $18,500. The same limit also applies to defined contribution plans such as 403(b)s, most 457 plans and the federal Thrift Savings Plan.
IRA contributions: The limit on annual contributions to an IRA is increased to $6,000 for 2019 from $5,500. And the additional catch up contribution limit for participants age 50 and older remains at $1,000, for a total of $7,000.
Roth IRA income limits: The IRS increased income limits on who can contribute to a Roth IRA. The income phase-out range for single filers is modified adjusted gross income between $122,000 and $137,000 in 2019. (That’s up from $120,000 to $135,000 in 2018.) Married couples filing jointly have a phase-out range with MAGI between $193,000 and $203,000, an increase of $4,000 on either end.
Within a phase-out range, contributions are limited, eventually reaching zero.
Traditional IRA deductions: The income limit for deducting contributions to traditional IRAs will increase in 2019. Single taxpayers covered by a workplace retirement plan have a phase-out range between $64,000 and $74,000, up from $63,000 to $73,000.
The phase-out for married couples filing jointly will be $103,000 to $123,000, if the spouse making the contribution is covered by a workplace plan. That’s an increase from between $101,000 and $121,000.
Defined benefit plan: The limit on the annual benefit received under a traditional pension plan will increase to $280,000, from $275,000.
Simple plans: The contribution limits regarding SIMPLE retirement accounts increased to $13,000 from $12,500.
For more information, please contact us.
Posted on: May 07, 2018
The latest American Horse Council study pinpoints the Florida equine industry’s large-scale economic impact and industry officials are taking note. The $6.8 billion annual equine economic impact in Florida is up by 33% since the last study over a decade ago. The racing sector’s impact is up 47%.
“That’s significant,” said Lonny Powell, CEO of the Florida Thoroughbred Breeders’ and Owner’s Association. “Florida truly is a horse state. To many, the beach, sun, sand, and oranges are synonymous with Florida, but our state has been steadily adding equines to that list to hang our state’s collective hat on for some time. Equines are becoming a strong part of Florida’s brand.”
“A thriving thoroughbred industry is vital to the state’s economy and to providing world class entertainment to spectators from around the globe,” said P.J. Campo, Vice President of Racing for The Stronach Group. Campo added, “It’s significant that racetrack operators in the state generate $307 million in revenue and create over 1,200 jobs with purses in excess of $105 million. Our Miami-area operation, Gulfstream Park, is one of the gems in the racing world and its right here in Florida.”Campo is referring to the world-class racing experience for both competitors and spectators and one of the world’s richest days of horse racing with the Pegasus World Cup.
“Florida has a robust equine industry with more than $6.8 billion total value added to the state’s economy,” said Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam. “As the third largest state in terms of equine population in the United States, Florida’s horse industry is vital to the state’s
economy. The export of purebred horses from the state is one of our fastest growing sectors and
shows the prominence of Florida’s horses worldwide.”
The numbers also reveal jobs are up by 8% from the last study conducted 13 years ago. Florida has been a proponent of state job growth, especially in recent years, and the employment numbers are important for an overall robust state environment. The labor-intensive industry provides jobs ranging from directly working with horses – including grooms, trainers and equine health practitioners – to a significant number of jobs that exist in the restaurant, hotel and hospitality sector thanks to racetracks and equine venues.
Thoroughbred horse sales, specifically the Ocala Breeders’ Sales, contribute strongly to the hospitality sector as buyers from as many as 49 states and 38 countries flock to the two-year-olds in training sales each spring. Horse sales in the state generated $156 million in revenue in 2016. Tom Ventura, president of Ocala Breeders’ Sales said, “Since 2010, OBS has sold over 22,000 horses for more than $1 billion dollars to buyers from every state except Alaska and 38 different countries. OBS has become the destination to buy quality two year olds, accounting for nearly 70% of juvenile sales in North America.”
In addition to the sales, Ocala, Marion county, is recognized worldwide as the hub of thoroughbred breeding and training carrying the moniker, “Horse Capital of the World™” due to the number of horses of all breeds and world class equine events that are based there. About 15,000 thoroughbreds annually receive early training in the state away from harsh winters and frozen ground. The area is strongly supported by a concentration of equine services, such as leading veterinarians, researchers, feed and tack retailers, equine dentists, and major horse transportation companies.
“Anecdotally, we’ve known locally for a long time the significant impact of equines to our county economy. Our 2015 study commissioned by the CEP provided those hard numbers – a substantive $2.6 billion economic impact to the county. Having a national study that drills down to the state level just solidifies the growth we’ve been seeing in recent years ourselves,” said Kevin T. Sheilley, president and CEO of the Ocala/Marion County Chamber and Economic Partnership.
The latest study reports Florida is home to 387,078 horses with one in four being thoroughbreds in racing, competition and recreation. Thoroughbreds make up the largest segment of the horse population in Florida. Florida nationally is third in horse population behind Texas which is over four times larger geographically and California which over two times larger.
“With over 113,000 jobs and a robust $6.8 billion in total impact, equines continue to have anotably greater economic impact than our signature spring baseball training. The study clearly supports the train of thought that the Florida thoroughbred business, along with our entire equine industry, are not only worth preserving but supporting and growing as well. Florida is most fortunate to have such an industry and agri-business already well established within its borders just as we Floridians are fortunate to live and work here,” Powell said.
With the fourth largest growth rate in the nation, land is at a premium in Florida. Agricultural operations like equine production preserve a significant amount of land. The latest report notes land owned or rented for horse-related purposes has increased to 717,000 acres. The preserved land, mostly in Central Florida, provides rural opportunities for city-bound Floridians and opportunities for diversity of tourism in the state. The report covers figures as of 2016.
Last year, two Florida-breds, Caledonia Road and World Approval won Eclipse awards, the nation’s highest honor for thoroughbreds. They join the list of 52 national champions including six Florida-bred Kentucky Derby winners. Florida has had more winners of Kentucky Derbies outside of Kentucky than any other state. Champions include 28 Breeders’ Cup winners.
“It’s clear to see why the road to the Kentucky Derby begins here in Ocala, Horse Capital of the World™,” said City of Ocala Mayor Kent Guinn, “ It is a major epi-center of the horse world and is part of our daily life here integrated into our hometown history, arts and culture. It’s not surprising the state numbers would reflect what we’ve known in Marion County for a long time, that the industry makes a significant impact.”
“The equine industry is a key driver of the local economy in Marion County,” said Kathy Bryant, Chairman of the Marion County Commission. “Ever since Needles’ triumph in the 1956 Kentucky Derby, we’ve proudly been the home to countless thoroughbreds who attract jobs and excitement to our community.”
Incentive programs offered in the state are a key to the industry and have grown in recent years.
“Florida consistently ranks in the top two to three in foal crop annually. Incentives in the state from breeders’ and owners’ awards, to bonus money for races of all types give Florida-breds robust opportunities to earn more for their owners who have invested in them. The Florida Sire Stakes series promotes stallions standing in the state and gives FSS eligible Florida-breds going into the sales arena opportunities for their buyers to race in the prestigious series,” said Powell. Stephen W. Screnci, president of Florida Horsemen’s Benevolent and Protective Association, Inc., “It is very rewarding to see strong Florida numbers and with new incentive additions to racing meets, the economic impact should continue to further enhance our already strong all-year
program here in Florida.”
“We are continually seeking to enhance the state’s breeding and racing programs by providing incentives for horsemen to race Florida-breds at Tampa Bay Downs,” said the track’s Vice
President and General Manager Peter Berube. “We also recognize the importance of Florida’s thoroughbreds and to attracting new investors in the state.”
Bob Jeffries, president of the Tampa Bay Downs HBPA, offered his enthusiasm for the study noting the cooperation of industry members to continue the growth of the industry.
“We have the largest stakes program in Tampa Bay Downs history currently. When the track, the horsemen and the Florida breeders work together as a team, good things happen for everyone. And good things are happening,” Jeffries said.
Powell added, “Our job at FTBOA is to promote, advocate for and enhance the economics of our state-wide industry at home as well as outside our state and national borders. This fresh American Horse Council study clearly demonstrates the importance of our mandate on behalf of the entire state industry. Our breeders, farms, tracks, owners, conditioners and equine professionals are top-shelf, which, along with our weather and quality of life, make Florida the greatest place to breed, sell, own and race.”
The industry is supported by Florida’s Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services which creates a favorable business climate including no tax on stallion seasons, exemptions for horses purchased from original breeders and a breeding stock exemption. Feed and animal health items are exempt along with certain farm equipment. Property tax breaks are also provided to Florida’s horse farms.
New to the study was the addition of analysis of the impact and scale of equine retirement, sanctuaries, and therapy programs. These programs among other re-training programs give thoroughbreds that are no longer racehorses opportunities for second careers in horse sport competitions and recreation. These programs added multi-millions in impact, slightly over $114 million, compared to the billions in the racing sector, but their importance cannot be unscored enough in showcasing the versatility of horses in second careers.
Considering the potential Coastal Connector Alternative Corridor Evaluation(ACE) Proposals, could have a negative impact for Marion County property and business owners, you may be thinking about selling all or a partial sale of your property prior to government property interruption (Eminent Domain). Property values including residences may depreciate as I experienced this in New Jersey. You may find it worthwhile to have a discussion with a competent CFP professional and tax advisor as to some estate planning options.
If you have pent-up taxable capital gains you may want to explore some Charitable Planning strategies that can benefit you as well as your chosen Charities to minimize capital gains taxes and create a memorable legacy.
This is a strategy that helps to minimize capital gains taxation and can benefit your community or passion in making a Charitable bequests as soon as implemented. The Gates foundation and others do this frequently to help charitable organizations and provide tax relief as well. I welcome your call should you like to have a discussion as to some resourceful Estate planning and tax strategies. You can view http://www.flretire.com as to my blogs for further information and or seek Fidelity Charitable.org and SEI Charitable Relationships for further information. I am affiliated with both entities.
Tom Cooper CFP, CPPT